Linux Gazette MailBag LG #54

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Answers to these questions should be sent directly to the e-mail address of the inquirer with or without a copy to Answers that are copied to LG will be printed in the next issue in the Tips column.

Before asking a question, please check the Linux Gazette FAQ to see if it has been answered there.

Viddy these well, little bruthers, viddy well. It would seem that our friends ‘ere, like, ave a problem with their Linux boxes. If thou woulds’t be so kind as to, like, give them a little ‘and, I’m sure they would love it, real horror-show like. But first me little droogies, an introduction mabye in the necessary. My name is Michael Williams and I live in the UK (Wales). As of now, I will be helping to format the mailbag’s columns. What’s with all the blurb you ask? Do we all speak like that it Wales. No! I’m actually basing my character on Alex from « A Clockwork Orange ».

envelope-7541240Fri, 5 May 2000 12:49:43 +0200

From: Joseph Simushi
Subject: New User – Help

Hi, I am a new user of Linux and is running Red hat version 6.1.1 operating system. I am asking for your help in finding Materials (Books, websites, CD-write-ups) on Linux to help me in the Administering of this system. Regards, Simushi Joseph LAN Administrator PULSE Project P.O. Box RW 51269 Lusaka


envelope-7541240 Fri, 5 May 2000 15:24:48 +1000

From: Eellis Subject: Prepress Rip software

Hi i like to find out is there any 3rd party or shareware rip-software to use on postscript and pdf files instead of using scitex or adobe rip.

Many Thanks From Down under.

Ezra Ellis

envelope-7541240 Thu, 04 May 2000 20:35:28 -0400
From: Raul Claros Urey Subject: Help

I’m using linux red hat, kernel 2.5.5 and when it is booting this report the fallowing errors:

RPC: sendmesg return error 105
Unable to send; errno = no buffer space available
NFS mountd: neighbour table overflow
Unable to register (mountd, 1, udp)
portmap: server localhost not responding, time out

And I can’t do anything the message « neighbour table overflow » appears every time. do you know something about it? Atte.

Raul Claros Urey

envelope-7541240 Thu, 4 May 2000 04:34:58 EDT
From: Subject: Password recovery for equinox database

Do you know if I can find a software which recovered my password on a equinox database?

envelope-7541240 Mon, 01 May 2000 20:22:18 +0800
From: 61002144 Subject: resolution

My comuter under linux redhat xwindow will only run 300×200 graphics. Even if I hit CTRL ALT + , it wont change. I have a SiS620 Card with 8mb. Can you please help. I have spent a lot of time on the internet, It seems other people have the same problem but no one can help.

Rudy Martignago

envelope-7541240 Sat, 29 Apr 2000 01:09:12 +0100
From: Andy Blanchard
Subject: Help wanted – updating a Linux distro’s ISO image

While downloading the newly posted kernel updates to RedHat 6.2 the following question arose in my mind the answer to which might be of use to anyone who has to build numerous Linux boxes. If one were to replace arbitrary RPM (or DEB, or …) files on the distro with updated versions and burn a new CDROM – would it still install cleanly? If I understand this correctly the answer to this is « yes » if the installer runs:

rpm -install kernel-doc

But will be « no » (unless you can frig the install script) if it runs:

rpm -install kernel-doc-2.2.14-12.i386.rpm

Can anyone give me an answer? An inquiring mind wants to know…


envelope-7541240Sat, 6 May 2000 13:08:20 +0200
From: Drasko Saric Subject: trouble with full partitions…

Hi, I have a problem and I hope you’ll help me. I have Linux SuSe 6.1 and WIN98 on one machine. Linux partition of 800MB is full now, and I wish to add (if it’s possible) an extra 800 MB to my exisiting Linux partition from WIN98part, but I don’t know how. Can you help me?

Thanx in advance. Drasko,
Belgrade, Yugoslavia

envelope-7541240Sun, 07 May 2000 00:35:12 -0500
From: edge or
Subject: Help in setting up Red Hat as a dial-up server — LG#53

I have searched and searched for 2 months now and can not get any info on how to set up a server for customers to dial into and access the internet with mail accounts and such. I have been to every news group and discussion I can find. No one will give any information on how to set this up. The ONLY help or answer I get is…: »why do you want to be an ISP, they are to expensive to set up? » Please have a « How-To » for the beginner to set up an ISP for the first time?

Thanks in advance.

A reader writes:

First, I hope you’ve received better answers in the meantime. Second, I hope the following links helps (apologies for the mailcity redirection stuff):

Notice about midway down the page there are links specifically related to your question. This will get your callers connected to your box.

This is nice for grabbing the mail and handing it off to sendmail for local delivery.

As for sendmail configuration, I’m clueless.

Alex comments:

You could also check out the this howto It’s meant for Red Hat systems, but I’m sure it could easily be adapted for another distribution with little difficulty.

envelope-7541240Mon, 8 May 2000 11:22:19 +0100
From: Steven Cowling Subject: bread in fat_access not found (error from Redhat 6)

The following error was scrolled down the screen:

bread in fat_access not found 

We are running Redhat version 6 on a PC and it has been running fine for about 6 months. The latest work done has been to start using CVS which was installed with the initial installation of Redhat. CVS has been working fine for about a week. Since the bread error appeared we are unable to login either at the console or remotely using telnet from windows. Every time we try to login the « login incorrect » error appears. We have tried all user names and root. The strange thing is that we can still use CVS from our Windows machines using WinCVS 1.0.6 to login and check files in and out. Basically we can’t login normally at all. Has any body seen this before? Or know what ‘bread’ is? Any help or suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

Steve Cowling

envelope-7541240Mon, 8 May 2000 13:50:15 -0500
From: Subject: High Availability Hosting In you latest issue of Linux Gazette you have an article titled « Penguin power credited for 100.000% network availability ». This article mentions about different Classes of Web Hosting based on Uptime. Where on the net can I find a definitive source for these different classes? Thanks,


envelope-7541240Wed, 10 May 2000 09:49:25 -0400
From: Ruven Gottlieb Subject: Redirecting kdm output from console to file Hi, I’ve been trying to figure out how to redirect console output from tty1 to a file when starting kdm.

I use an alias:

startx="startx >& /root/startx.txt"

with startx to send output to /root/startx.txt, but I can’t figure out what to do to get the same thing to happen with kdm. I’m suprised this isn’t the default anyway. You can’t read the console output when starting kdm, and if you have mc or something running on tty1, it gets trashed when kdm starts up. Thanks for your help.

Lire aussi...  0800-LINUX: Creating a Free Linux-only ISP LG #54

Ruven Gottlieb

envelope-7541240Tue, 09 May 2000 23:22:52 +0530
From: « pundu » <> Subject: calculate cpu load Hi,

I would like to know how one can calculate cpu load and memory used by processes as shown by ‘top’ command. It would be nice if anyone can explain me how you could do these by writing your own programs, or by any other means.

envelope-7541240Mon, 8 May 2000 10:32:25 +0000 (GMT)
From: Jimmy O’Regan Subject: Is There a Version of PC/NFS for Linux?

I have the O’Reilly book Managing NFS and NIS and there is a section in the back of the book called PC/NFS describing a Unix utility that enables a PC DOS machine to access a Unix machine using the NFS file system as an extended DOS file system. I am wondering if there is a Linux version of this available?


[As far as I was aware, that program is an NFS client for the PC – it runs on DOS, and lets you use NFS from a remote UNIX box. If I’m right, the standard version should work with Linux. You’d be better off setting up Samba though. It does what you’re looking for – makes Linux look like an MS server. This would be better for Ghost,

as Ghost works on MS shares. -Alex.]

envelope-7541240Mon, 1 May 2000 08:57:32 -0700
From: lisa simpson Subject: Mandrake and tab When you hit the TAB key under a shell in Mandrake, it gives a list instantly unlike in Redhat where you have to hit tab twice, if there are several similar entries. How do I disable that behavior?

[Look in the shell manual page under the options section. There are options you can set that control this behavior. I don’t remember

the names offhand, and it’s different for each shell. -Ed.]

envelope-7541240Thu, 11 May 2000 08:47:38 -0700
From: Subject: Installation of Linux using an HP 486/25NI Hello, I hope that you can help me, I´m new to linux and I´m trying to install it using an HP 486 25 MHz. The BIOS does not has the capability to recognize a second IDE drive. (I have upgraded the BIOS to the latest available version from HP website support) The Motherboard has an integrated NIC, (I also have a 3COM 3c509). I can not find the way to start the installation, since I have Linux Mandrake as well as Turbolinux on CDROM. I have tried doing it using the CDROM of my second PC running windows 98, with cisco TFTP server and a local LAN between both PC´s using a coax. 10 base2 cable. Where can I find a detailed explanation with some suggestions to my problem? The manuals included with my linux flavours are not detailed enough, they assume that I have a CDROM for linux installation How about an installation from a FTP site?, where can I find some DETAILED information about that? Thanks in advance for your help! Sincerely,


envelope-7541240Thu, 11 May 2000 08:36:27 -0700
From: NANCY Philippe Subject: Energy star support Last year I bought one of these cheap(er) east-asian PC computers (like many of us ?) with the Energy Star feature (i.e. No more need to press any button to power off). But this feature is implemented with M$ Win… and I’ve no idea of the way they manage the hardware behind this process. So, as I recently installed a Corel distribution, I would like to know if there is any mean to power off directly from Linux, and not Shutdown-And-Restart, Open-M$Windows and Quit-From-There (and Decrease-My-Coffee-Stock ;-} )

Thank you for your help.

envelope-7541240Fri, 12 May 2000 07:02:37 -0700 (PDT)
From: Surfer PR
Subject: Help with Voodoo3

I have followed every instruction I could find on how to install the voodoo3 and MESA and all the 3d tests run just fine… but when I try to run any game that uses glide or mesa (quakeII) I try all the renderes but it does not work and continues to use the very lame software…. I have all my resolutions set… I am mainly having problems with the or something like that.. everything else in Linux (Mandrake 7.0) is fine…

Please help me.

envelope-7541240Mon, 15 May 2000 08:53:49 -0700
From: « VanTuyl, George » Subject: Backup to a CD- Re-Writeable drive I have been asked to put together a backup strategy for the company’s Red Hat 6.1 Linux gateway server. The backup medium chosen « not by this individual » is a HP 9200I parallel port CD re-writeable drive /burner. I would like to here some reflections and recommendations on this strategy please. Thanks gvt.

envelope-7541240Mon, 15 May 2000 12:33:44 +0100
From: Subject: image Hi, Do you know where I can get the « Dont fear the Penguis » logo names : linux-dont-f.jpg Or can you send it me… cu

envelope-7541240Wed, 17 May 2000 13:15:28 -0400
From: « Jeff Houston » Subject: Video help Howdy I have 2 problems. First and foremost I believe is when I boot up linux none of my window managers will work. In my old computer they did but not in my new one. I think it is because my graphics card is not compatible but not sure about that I know that it is not listed in setup but neither was my graphics card in my other computer. Anyway I went to the website of my graphics card and they had a file to supposedly add support for my card to linux but how do i go about installing it? It is gzipped and to be honest I have no clue where I am or what I am doing once I get logged in to linux without any of the window managers. I have only had redhat about 3 days now:) Anyway I have the file I supposedly need on a floppy, but dont have any idea what to do with it now. Alos after I installed RedHat for some reason Win98 became EXTREMELY slow and is giving me probs and a lot of programs not responding any idea why this is? Thanks for any and all help you can give me.

signed, NEWBIE

[It would seem that you are -extremely- confused here Jeff. It would appear you have no idea how to use the BASH prompt. Obviously, you need to read up upon the subject – has a variety of tutorials and howtos for Linux. Have you tried running ‘Xconfigurator’ (remember folks, it’s case sensative)? See if your graphics card is listed there. To unzip a file that’s gzipped, use the ‘gunzip’ command. That’s about as much as I can tell you, since you do not provide enough information. As for your Win98 slowdown problem, I really see no link between installing Linux and that type of problem. Mabye I’m wrong, or mabye it’s just you being a bit paranoid 🙂 -Alex.]

envelope-7541240Wed, 17 May 2000 10:12:38 -0700
From: « Jeffrey X » Subject: « run of input data » error I recently compiled the RedHat kernel 2.2.12-20. Everything went well and I can start new kernel from lilo. Lilo.conf

looks like: ….